NATIONAL HEALTH COMMITTEES
Various committees of experts have been appointed by the government from time to time to render advice about different health problems. The reports of these committees have formed an important basis of health planning in India. The goal of National Health Planning in India is to attain Health for all by the year 2000.
1. BHORE COMMITTEE. 1946.
This committee, known as the Health Survey & Development Committee, was appointed in 1943 with Sir Joseph Bhore as its Chairman. It laid emphasis on integration of curative and preventive medicine at all levels. It made comprehensive recommendations for remodeling of health services in India.
2. MUDALIAR COMMITTEE. 1962.
This committee known as the “Health Survey and Planning Committee”, headed by Dr. A.L. Mudaliar, was appointed to assess the performance in health sector since the submission of Bhore Committee report. This committee found the conditions in PHCs to be unsatisfactory and suggested that the PHC, already established should be strengthened before new ones are opened.
3. CHADHA COMMITTEE, 1963.
This committee was appointed under chairmanship of Dr. M.S. Chadha, the then Director General of Health Services, to advise about the necessary arrangements for the maintenance phase of National Malaria Eradication Programme. The committee suggested that the vigilance activity in the NMEP should be carried out by basic health workers (one per 10,000 population), who would function as multipurpose workers and would perform, in addition to malaria work, the duties of family planning and vital statistics data collection under supervision of family planning health assistants.
4. MUKHERJEE COMMITTEE. 1965.
The recommendations of the Chadha Committee, when implemented, were found to be impracticable because the basic health workers, with their multiple functions could do justice neither to malaria work nor to family planning work. The Mukherjee committee headed by the then Secretary of Health Shri Mukherjee, was appointed to review the performance in the area of family planning. The committee recommended separate staff for the family planning programme. The family planning assistants were to undertake family planning duties only. The basic health workers were to be utilised for purposes other than family planning. The committee also recommended to delink the malaria activities from family planning so that the latter would received undivided attention of its staff.
5. MUKHERJEE COMMITTEE. 1966.
Multiple activities of the mass programmes like family planning, small pox, leprosy, trachoma, NMEP (maintenance phase), etc. were making it difficult for the states to undertake these effectively because of shortage of funds. A committee of state health secretaries, headed by the Union Health Secretary, Shri Mukherjee, was set up to look into this problem. The committee worked out the details of the Basic Health Service which should be provided at the Block level, and some consequential strengthening required at higher levels of administration.
6. JUNGALWALLA COMMITTEE, 1967.
This committee, known as the “Committee on Integration of Health Services” was set up in 1964 under the chairmanship of Dr. N Jungalwalla, the then Director of National Institute of Health Administration and Education (currently NIHFW). It was asked to look into various problems related to integration of health services, abolition of private practice by doctors in government services, and the service conditions of Doctors.
7. KARTAR SINGH COMMITTEE. 1973.
This committee, headed by the Additional Secretary of Health and titled the "Committee on multipurpose workers under Health and Family Planning" was constituted to form a framework for integration of health and medical services at peripheral and supervisory levels.
8. SHRIVASTAV COMMITTEE. 1975.
This committee was set up in 1974 as "Group on Medical Education and Support Manpower" to determine steps needed to (i) reorient medical education in accordance with national needs & priorities and (ii) develop a curriculum for health assistants who were to function as a link between medical officers and MPWs.
9. BAJAJ COMMITTEE, 1986.
An "Expert Committee for Health Manpower Planning, Production and Management" was constituted in 1985 under Dr. J.S. Bajaj, the then professor at AIIMS.
OTHER COMMITTEES AND COMMISSION REPORTS
- National Commission on Macroeconomics and Health
- Indian health information network developmentreport on use of ict in health care and knowledge management recommendations for the national knowledge commission
- Col. S. S. SOKHEY ON NATIONAL HEALTH
- Udupa K.N. Committee on Ayurveda Research Evaluation, 1958